Setting up a computer network requires careful planning, and one important decision you’ll need to make is selecting the right patch cable lengths for the job. Patch cables are used to connect devices within a rack or between different racks, and choosing the right cable length is crucial to ensuring an efficient and easy-to-troubleshoot network.
When choosing patch cable lengths, it’s important to keep them short but not too short. For instance, 6-inch patch cables are ideal for connecting devices/patch panel ports within a single rack unit (U), which is 1.75 inches tall. Longer cables will create clutter and strain on the cable. A 1-foot patch cable is usually sufficient for as many as six rack units.
However, calculating the appropriate cable length can be more complex when the path goes in different directions or depths within the rack. In such cases, you’ll need to calculate the cable length based on the total inches required for the path. For instance, if the path goes in either horizontal direction, add 19 inches to the total vertical inches, then divide by 12 inches to obtain the cable length in feet. If the path goes from the front of the rack to the back, you’ll need to add the equipment depth to the total inches before calculating the cable length in feet.
Depending on the existing rack layout, it may also be necessary to add a service loop of 2-3 feet (24-36 inches) to allow for flexibility and future maintenance. Once you’ve determined the total cable length in feet, round up to the nearest foot. In some cases, it may be necessary to round up to the nearest foot ending with 5 or 0 when there is no pre-made cable length available that matches your requirements.
By following these guidelines, you can select the appropriate patch cable length for your computer network setup. This can help ensure optimal performance, efficiency, and easy maintenance, which are crucial for a successful network.
TLDR: Fast Formulas
Total Estimated Min Length (inches) = 1.75″ * (Rack U Height to Travel) + (if destination is not directly vertical from source in same rack, 19″) + (Device depth, if going from front to back of rack, commonly 21″) + (Any service loop required)
Total Min Length (Feet) = Round Up (Total Estimated Min Length (inches)/12)